Bug #12706

Hash#each yields inconsistent number of args

Added by bughit (bug hit) over 3 years ago. Updated 12 days ago.

Target version:


def foo(a, b)
  p [a, b]

def bar(a, b = 2)
  p [a, b]

foo_lambda = method(:foo).to_proc
bar_lambda = method(:bar).to_proc

{a: 1}.each(&foo_lambda)
{a: 1}.each(&bar_lambda)

From #12705, yielding to method lambdas uses lambda/method arg semnatics

the yield to foo produces [:a, 1] suggesting that each is yielding two values yield key, value
but yield to bar produces [[:a, 1], 2] suggesting that each is yielding one value yield [key, value]

it would be better if you always knew what to expect from it

Updated by matz (Yukihiro Matsumoto) 15 days ago

It was caused by the optimization introduced in 2.1. It should check if a block is a lambda before making optimization.
We worry about compatibility but let's fix it in 2.8(3.0) and see it can cause problems. Please mark the change as experimental .



Updated by mame (Yusuke Endoh) 15 days ago

  • Status changed from Open to Closed

Applied in changeset git|47141797bed55eb10932c9a722a5132f50d4f3d8.

hash.c: Do not use the fast path (rb_yield_values) for lambda blocks

As a semantics, Hash#each yields a 2-element array (pairs of keys and
values). So, { a: 1 }.each(&->(k, v) { }) should raise an exception
due to lambda's arity check.
However, the optimization that avoids Array allocation by using
rb_yield_values for blocks whose arity is more than 1 (introduced at
b9d29603375d17c3d1d609d9662f50beaec61fa1 and some commits), seemed to
overlook the lambda case, and wrongly allowed the code above to work.

This change experimentally attempts to make it strict; now the code
above raises an ArgumentError. This is an incompatible change; if the
compatibility issue is bigger than our expectation, it may be reverted
(until Ruby 3.0 release).

[Bug #12706]

Updated by Eregon (Benoit Daloze) 12 days ago

Does this cause any issue in practice?

AFAIK it's not worth the incompatibility and could break many things.
We had to follow MRI behavior here for Hash#each and Hash#map in TruffleRuby, e.g.,

IMHO the right thing to do is to yield 2 values here, and having an Array for backward compatibility if arity != 2 seems OK.

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