X509 certificate incorrectly loaded (because of try-pem-first-else-asn1)
Ruby's openssl extension tries to load certificates as PEM format first, and on failure will try to do DER / ASN1. The PEM format loading ignores junk in the beginning and end of the given buffer, which can lead to a DER certificate being incorrectly loaded. This occurs on 1.9.3 and 2.2.0.
More concretely this occurs in the wild when a server certificate has a X509 extension comment that includes another certificate in PEM format. Example below.
To fix this, one could allow the user to optionally specify the format, and do DER directly if specified. That would keep things backwards compatible and allow these certificates to be correctly parsed.
Ruby script to show the bug/problem - http://pastebin.com/Q7ap7FjN
I currently patched my ruby version (1.9.3) like this: http://pastebin.com/HzyyAm0p
Thanks for feedback and incorporating the patch / a similar solution for this into Ruby.